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Russia Leave Laws

Table Of Contents


    • 1st and 2nd January – New Year
    • 7th January – Christmas
    • 23rd February – Day of the Defendant of Motherland
    • 8th March – International Women’s Day
    • 1st and 2nd May – Spring and Labor Holiday
    • 9th May – Victory Day
    • 12th June – Day of Russia
    • 7th November – Anniversary of October Revolution, Day of Agreement and Reconciliation
    • 12th December – Day of the Russian Federation Constitution


PTO (Paid Time Off)

  • Vacation/Annual Paid Leave

During the first year of work, the employee acquires the right to go on leave after six months of continuous work in the organization. The employee might be granted a paid leave before the six months’ period expiration as well, under the agreement of the parties.

Employees are entitled to 28 days of main annual leave. During the leave, employees are entitled to their average earnings. The main annual paid leave longer than 28 calendar days, the extended main leave is granted to employees in accordance with the present Code and other federal laws.

Annual leave can be used in two portions, not less than 14 days.

The duration of main and additional annual paid leaves is calculated in calendar days and is not limited to the maximum limit. Non-working holidays falling on the period of the leave are not included in the number of calendar days and are not paid.

  • Rollovers and payout of unused hours

  • Use-it-or-lose-it policy 

The leave must be used within 12 months after finishing that working year for which it is granted. In exceptional cases when granting leave to the employee in the current working year may have an adverse effect on the normal progress of work of the organization, it is allowed to shift the leave to the next working year.

  • PTO payout at the termination

The part of the leave exceeding 28 calendar days may be replaced with money compensation on the employee’s written application.

At the dismissal, the employee is paid money compensation for all the unused leaves.

On the employee’s written application, the unused leaves may be given to him or her with the subsequent dismissal (excluding cases of dismissal for guilty actions), the last day of the leave being considered the day of dismissal.

Maternity Leave, Child Raising Leave, Parental Leave

Maternity Leave

Women are entitled to maternity leave of 70 days before the birth or 84 days in the event of multiple pregnancies, and 70 days after the birth or 86 days in the event of birth with complications, and 110 days in the event of the birth of two or more children. During maternity leave, women receive an allowance from the Social Insurance Fund out of insurance payments made by the employer.

Women before the maternity leave or after it are entitled to take the annual leave before the expiration of six continuous months of service.

Paternity Leave

Employees are entitled to up to five days of unpaid leave in case of a birth of a child.

Employees who are raising a child without a mother of a child are granted the same benefits guaranteed to women.

Adoption Leave

Adoptive parents are entitled to leave from the day of adoption until the child is 70 days (110 days if two or more children are adopted). A woman can request that this leave be replaced with maternity leave of the same duration. Adoptive parents are entitled to take parental leave until the child is three years old.

Parental Leave

One of the parents or any other relative is entitled to parental leave until the child reaches 3 years of age. The employee is allowed to work part-time or from home, during the leave. A person on parental leave is entitled to receive a monthly allowance until the child reaches one-and-a-half years of age.

Sick Leave

Sick Leave

Employees are entitled to take sick leave in the event of illness or injury. Sick leave can also be granted to an employee taking care of a sick child or sick relative. Employees do not receive their regular salary during sick leave. They receive a temporary incapacity allowance paid from the Social Insurance Fund of the Russian Federation from insurance payments made by the employer.

Family Care Leave

A parent, adoptive parent, or a guardian of a disabled child under the age of 18 is entitled to additional five days of leave each month and can take paid annual leave whenever is convenient for them. 

 In the event of the sickness of a child or relative, a carer is also entitled to a temporary incapacity allowance.

Jury Duty Leave, and Voting Leave

Not specified by law.

Bereavement Leave

Employees are entitled to up to 5 days of unpaid leave due to the death of a close relative. 

Military Leave

Employees who are parents and wives (husbands) of military personnel, killed or died due to wounding, contusion or mutilation got during the military service, or due to a disease associated with military service are entitled to up to 14 calendar days of unpaid leave during a year.

All materials have been prepared for general information purposes only to permit you to learn more about this region's leave laws. The information presented is not legal advice, is not to be acted on as such, and may not be current. Please contact your local legal counsel to learn more about the leave laws in your country.