Table Of Contents
Paid Time Off (PTO) in Nova Scotia
Vacation Leave Quota
2 or 3 weeks of vacation.
Earning Vacation Time
Employees who have been working for the same employer for a minimum of 12 months can take 2 consecutive weeks of vacation.
Employees are entitled to 2 consecutive weeks of vacation leave for the first eight years of employment, and 3 consecutive weeks of leave after eight years of employment.
Taking Vacation Time
Employers have the authority to determine the schedule of their employees’ vacation time. They are required to inform the employees of their vacation start date at least seven days in advance. While some employers may give their employees the option to decide when to take their vacation time, the employer ultimately has the final decision.
An employer and an employee may come to an agreement that allows for more than one vacation period, as long as the total vacation time taken does not exceed the allotted amount and includes at least one week of continuous time off.
4% or 6% of gross wages.
Vacation pay is calculated as a percentage of the gross wages an employee earns during the “year of employment”.
An employee accumulates vacation pay during the first 12 months of their employment with an employer and continues to earn it every 12 months thereafter. The employee’s status (seasonal, part-time, full-time, etc.) does not have any impact on the vacation pay they receive.
Employees are entitled to vacation pay of 4% of gross wages for the first 7 years of employment and 6 % of gross wages after completing 7 years of employment (at the start of an employee’s eighth year of service).
Statutory Provisions Addressing Vacation Pay
Wages do not include vacation pay.
An employer can pay vacation by:
- accumulating the vacation pay over the 12-month earning period and paying it out to employees at least 1 day before they take their vacation time
- adding the vacation pay to each cheque
- including the vacation pay in the employee’s hourly rate
When employees take vacation time, they don’t earn any wages. Vacation pay is meant to act as the employee’s pay during the vacation period, even if the employee receives vacation pay on each pay.
Wages includes salaries, commissions, and most other forms of compensation except vacation pay.
Payment of Accrued, Unused Vacation on Termination
Payment must be made within 10 days of termination.
If an employee’s job ends and the employee has accumulated vacation pay, the employee’s earnings must be paid. Employers must pay it within 10 days after the employment ends.
PTO accrual system is not mandatory in Nova Scotia, but is widely used by companies.
Employers are generally free to design their own vacation accrual system, although it is usually based on the pay period (payroll cycle).
Roll Over (Carry Over, Brought Forward)
The “use-it-or-lose-it” policy is illegal in Nova Scotia.
The “use-it-or-lose-it” refers to a policy or benefit that requires employees to use a certain amount of vacation time within a certain timeframe, or risk losing it.
Sick Leave in Nova Scotia
Up to 3 days of unpaid leave.
Employees are entitled to up to 3 days of unpaid leave per year due to the sickness of a child, parent, or family member, or for medical, dental, or other similar appointments during working hours.
Compassionate Care Leave
Up to 28 weeks of unpaid leave.
Employees who have worked for at least 3 months are entitled to up to 28 weeks of unpaid leave within a 52-week period to provide care and support for a seriously ill family member with a significant risk of dying within 26 weeks. A medical certificate is required.
Leave Related to Critical Illness
Up to 37 weeks of unpaid leave to care for critically ill children, and up to 16 weeks of unpaid leave to care for a critically ill adult.
Critically Ill Child Care Leave
Eligible employees are entitled to up to 37 weeks of unpaid leave within a 52-week period to care for and support critically ill children. This does not apply to a step-child or foster child. An employee must provide a medical certificate. Leave can be taken for periods no shorter than a week. In the case of 2 or more critically ill children, leave must not exceed 52 weeks.
Critically Ill Adult Care Leave
Eligible employees are entitled to up to 16 weeks of unpaid leave within a 52-week period to provide care and support for a critically ill adult. An employee must provide a medical certificate. Leave can be taken for periods no shorter than a week. In the case of 2 or more critically ill adults, leave must not exceed 52 weeks.
Domestic Violence Leave
Up to 10 days, but also up to 16 consecutive weeks (the first three days must be paid by the employer).
An employee who has been employed by an employer for a period of at least three months is entitled to an unpaid leave of absence if the employee or a child of the employee experiences domestic violence.
Employees are entitled to take up to 10 days (intermittent or consecutive) of unpaid leave per year. Eligible employees are also allowed to take a maximum of 16 weeks off in a row during a calendar year, with the employer being required to pay for the first three days of this leave.
The leave may be taken by employees for the following reasons:
- to seek medical attention for themselves or their child;
- obtain services for themselves or their child from a victim services organization, psychological or other professional counseling (or certain culturally-specific services);
- relocate temporarily or permanently; or
- seek legal or law enforcement assistance.
Maternity, Paternity, and Parental Leave in Nova Scotia
The maternity leave could last a maximum of 77 weeks (the pregnancy leave lasts for 16 weeks, and after that, mothers can take an additional 61 weeks of parental leave), in which case the father would get no paternity leave.
Employees are eligible for pregnancy leave, leave for the end of pregnancy, or parental leave regardless of how long they have been employed and can take these leaves soon after starting their job.
16 weeks of unpaid leave.
An eligible employee who has been employed for at least one year is entitled to up to 16 weeks of job-protected unpaid leave. Leave may not begin sooner than the sixteen weeks preceding the expected date of delivery and not later than the date of delivery.
Employees are required to provide employers with (at least four weeks’) written notice and, if requested, a medical certificate.
77 weeks of unpaid leave.
Parental leave can be taken by either the mother or father.
Employees are entitled to up to 77 weeks of unpaid leave. The rule applies to both biological and adoptive parents.
Employees can take parental leave immediately following maternity leave without having to return to work. Combined maternity and parental leave must not exceed 77 weeks. (Parental leave actually lasts 61 weeks for the employee who already took pregnancy leave; 77 weeks for other parents.)
Employees must provide (at least four weeks’) written notice to their employers, detailing when they will begin their leave and when they will return to work.
Leave for End of Pregnancy
A new leave that came into effect on January 1, 2023.
Leave for end of pregnancy is an unpaid leave of absence that will be available for workers who experience a pregnancy that does not result in a live birth.
The reason for the end of pregnancy does not affect an employee’s eligibility for this leave, and employers do not have the right to know why a pregnancy ended.
This is a new leave that came into effect on January 1, 2023.
Pregnancy and parental leave in Nova Scotia are unpaid.
Bereavement Leave in Nova Scotia
Up to 5 days of unpaid leave.
Employers are required to provide employees with up to 5 consecutive working days of unpaid leave upon the death of a close family member.
Employees should inform their boss with as much advance warning as they can when they plan to take this time off.
Bereavement leave in Nova Scotia is unpaid.
Jury Duty Leave in Nova Scotia
All employers must provide unpaid leave for employees to attend court as jurors or witnesses.
Employees are allowed to take unpaid time off if they are selected for jury duty or required to appear as a witness in court. They should inform their boss with as much advance warning as they can when they plan to take court-related leave.
Employers are not required to pay employees who miss work to attend court. However, jurors can claim an allowance or compensation for time spent in court. In Nova Scotia, jurors receive $40 per day.
Reservists’ Leave in Nova Scotia
Up to 24 months within any 60-month period.
An employee who has been employed for at least 3 months and is a member of the Canadian Forces is entitled to unpaid leave in order to participate in active duty or training. Eligible workers are able to take up to 24 months of leave for military reserve duties within a 60-month span.
Written notice is required, along with a certificate from an official with the Reserves, if requested by the employer.
Reservists’ leave is unpaid.
Voting Leave in Nova Scotia
Up to 3 consecutive hours of paid time off.
All employees who are eligible to vote are entitled to take 3 consecutive hours during voting hours on polling day to cast their vote. If their work schedule does not allow for those three consecutive hours, their employer must allow the necessary time for voting to ensure they are able to take those three consecutive hours.
An employer is not allowed to deduct pay or impose a penalty from an employee’s salary for the time the employer grants for voting.
The 2023 Paid Holidays in Nova Scotia
6 paid holidays.
Paid holidays in Nova Scotia for 2023 are:
|January 1, Sunday||New Year’s Day|
|February 20, Monday||Nova Scotia Heritage Day|
|April 7, Friday||Good Friday (Friday before Easter)|
|July 1, Saturday||Canada Day|
|September 4, Monday||Labour Day (First Monday in September)|
|December 25, Monday||Christmas Day|
- Nova Scotia > Labour, Skills and Immigration > Employment Rights, https://novascotia.ca/lae/employmentrights/
- Guide to the Nova Scotia Labour Standards Code 2023, https://novascotia.ca/lae/employmentrights/docs/LabourStandardsCodeGuide.pdf
- Vacation Time and Vacation Pay, https://novascotia.ca/lae/employmentrights/vacationleavepay.asp
- Nova Scotia > Labour, Skills and Immigration > Leaves from Work, https://novascotia.ca/lae/employmentrights/leaves.asp
Updated: January 16, 2023
Check out our Leave Laws page to learn more about laws in various countries.
All materials have been prepared for general information purposes only to permit you to learn more about this region's leave laws. The information presented is not legal advice, is not to be acted on as such, and may not be current. Please contact your local legal counsel to learn more about the leave laws in your country.