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Somalia Leave Laws & Holidays

Paid Time Off, Annual Leave, Sick Leave, Maternity Leave, Paternity Leave, Bereavement Leave, Jury Duty Leave, Military Leave, and Voting Leave

Table Of Contents

Last updated on January 16, 2024.

Public Holidays in Somalia for 2024

Date Holiday
January 1 New Year
February 7 Miraaj Nabi
April 10 Eid al-Fitr
April 11 Eid al-Fitr Holiday
May 1 Worker’s Day
May 18 & 19 Somaliland Sovereignty Day
Jun 17 & 18 Eid al-Adha
Jun 26 Independence Day
Jul 1 Republic Day
Jul 8 Islamic New Year
Jul 17 Ashura
September 16 Prophet Muhammad’s Birthday

On legal public holidays, every employee has the right to a paid day off.


  • Vacation/Annual Paid Leave

Employees are entitled to 15 days of leave with pay for every year of continuous service. An entitlement to leave with pay will be normally acquired after a full year of continuous service, provided that aggregate is also counted up to a maximum of two years.

  • Use-it-or-lose-it policy 

Not specified by law.

  • PTO payout at the termination

Not specified by law.

Maternity Leave

Maternity Leave

Maternity protection under the Labour Code covers women employees in the private sector. It also covers women employees in public service or public institutions who are not covered by any other law. Persons in the armed forces, police force, and para-military forces of the State are not covered.

Female employees are required to present to the employer, a medical certificate indicating the expected date of their confinement.

Employees are entitled to up to fourteen weeks of leave, of which at least six weeks are to be taken after confinement.

If the confinement takes place after the expected date, prenatal leave is extended up to the actual date.

A female employee is entitled to maternity cash benefits on presentation to her employer of a medical certificate indicating the expected date of her confinement, and if she has been employed by the employer for at least six months without any interruption on her part except for properly certified illness. Employees are entitled to 50 percent of their regular monthly wages.

Sick Leave and Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA)

Sick Leave

The following laws refer to public sector employees.

Every employee is entitled to one-day sick leave every 45 days without any need for medical justification; any absence in excess of this without a doctor’s professional advice shall be deducted from the employee’s annual leave.

Hospitalization causing more than one day’s absence from work shall be excused only if a qualified medical doctor testifies to the employee’s illness and inability to work.

If an employee’s sick leave is more than 15 days, the worker’s days of absence from work shall be deducted from the employee’s annual leave.

If an employee is absent from work because of illness or injuries from an accident for a period of fewer than three months, the employer shall pay during the worker’s illness:

– The worker’s medical bills;

– The employee’s salary in full in the first month; and,

– Half of the employee’s salary in the other two months.

There is no specified law for paid sick leave for public employees.

Jury Duty Leave and Voting Leave (Leave due to Public Interest)

Not specified by law.

Bereavement Leave

An employee who has worked at least six consecutive months shall be entitled to 3 days of family responsibility leave if one of the following occurs:

– If one of the worker’s parents die;

– If one of the worker’s children dies;

– If the worker’s wife gives birth or dies and if the husband dies the case of a female employee

This law also refers to private employees.

Military Leave

Not specified by law.

Please consult your local legal counsel to learn more about Somalia Leave Laws.

To learn more about laws in various countries, check out our Leave Laws page.

All materials have been prepared for general information purposes only to permit you to learn more about this region's leave laws. The information presented is not legal advice, is not to be acted on as such, and may not be current. Please contact your local legal counsel to learn more about the leave laws in your country.

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