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Slovakia Leave Laws

Table Of Contents


  • 1st January – Day of the Establishment of the Slovak Republic

  • 6th January – Three King’s Day

  • 2nd April – Good Friday

  • 5th April – Easter Monday

  • 1st May – Labour Day

  • 8th May – Day of the Victory over Fascism

  • 5th July – St. Cyril and Methodius Day

  • 29th August – Slovak National Uprising Day

  • 1st September – Constitution Day

  • 15th September – Day of the Lady of Sorrows

  • 1st November – All Saint’s Day

  • 17th November – Day of Freedom and Democracy

  • 24th December – Christmas Eve

  • 25th December – Christmas Day

  • 26th December – St. Stephen’s Day


  • Vacation/Annual Paid Leave

An employee who, during the continuous duration of an employment relationship with the same employer, performed work for the employer for at least 60 days in the calendar year shall be entitled to annual paid holiday, or a proportionate part thereof, unless the employment relationship lasted continuously over the whole calendar year.

The basic scope of paid holiday shall be at least four weeks.

The paid holiday of an employee who is aged 33 or over at the end of the applicable calendar year will be at least five weeks.

Where paid holiday is provided in several parts, one part at least must be for a minimum of two weeks unless the employee and employer agree otherwise. The employer shall be obliged to announce the drawing of paid holiday to employees at least 14 days in advance; exceptionally, such period may be reduced provided the employee grants his/her consent.

  • Use-it-or-lose-it policy 

Employees are entitled to wage compensation at the rate of their average earnings for paid leave in excess of the four weeks of basic paid leave that they are unable to take before the end of the following calendar year.

  • PTO payout at the termination

Employees are not entitled to be paid wage compensation for leave that is not taken up to the four weeks of basic paid leave except where they were unable to take this leave as a result of termination of the employment relationship.

Maternity Leave, Paternity Leave, Parental Leave

Maternity Leave

Female employees are entitled to up to 34 weeks of maternity leave. If a mother is a single parent, she is entitled to a maternity leave of 37 weeks. If a woman gives birth to two or more children at the same time, she is entitled to a maternity leave of 43 weeks.

Maternity leave granted in connection with the birth must not be shorter than 14 weeks and may not be terminated or interrupted before the lapse of 6 weeks from the date of the birth.

Employees are entitled to 75 percent of their regular monthly earnings during the leave.

Paternity Leave

Male employees are entitled to leave for the birth of the employee’s child; time off from work with wage compensation shall be provided for the time necessary to transport the mother of the child to a medical facility and back.

Adoptive Leave

Adoptive and foster parents are entitled to 28 weeks of Maternity leave and benefits (31 weeks for single parents, and 37 weeks for parents taking over care of at least two children). The leave can be used until the child reaches the age of three.

Parental Leave

Employers are obliged to provide a father or a mother parental leave until the child turns three years of age.

Sick Leave, Paid Sick Leave, and Family Care Leave

Sick Leave

An employer shall excuse the absence from work of an employee for periods of the employee’s temporary incapacity to work due to disease or accident. During such periods, an employee shall not be entitled to wage compensation unless special regulation stipulates otherwise.

Time off from work with wage compensation shall be provided for a necessary period of time, at most for seven days in a calendar year, if the examination or treatment could not be performed out of working time.

Family Care Leave

Employees are entitled to accompany a family member to a medical facility for examination or treatment upon sudden disease or accident, and for predetermined examination, treatment, or cure; time off from work with wage compensation shall be provided to only one family member for a necessary period of time, at the most seven days in a calendar year.

Jury Duty Leave and Voting Leave (Leave due to Public Interest)

Employees who perform a public function alongside the performance of functions relating to their employment relationship may be granted working leave for at most 30 working days or shifts during the calendar year, if not stipulated by a special regulation. Civil duty shall be particularly the activity of a witness, interpreter, expert, or other persons called to proceedings of the court or other state body or local self-government bodies.

Bereavement Leave

Employees are entitled to up to 3 days of paid leave due to the death of a child or a spouse. 

Employees are entitled to one day of paid leave to attend the funeral of a parent or sibling, parent or sibling of the employee’s spouse, and the spouse of an employee’s sibling, grandparents or a grandchild and an additional day if the employee is arranging the funeral of such deceased.

Military Leave

Citizens who are required to perform military service and who are required to perform extraordinary service or alternative service during war time or a state of war are entitled to 30 working days of leave per year.

If an employee is obliged to appear in person at the relevant district authority in the seat of the self-governing region in relation to the performance of military service or to attend a medical inspection, the employer shall provide the employee time off from work for the necessary time.

Please consult your local legal counsel to learn more about Slovakia Leave Laws.

To learn more about laws in various countries, check out our Leave Laws page.

All materials have been prepared for general information purposes only to permit you to learn more about this region's leave laws. The information presented is not legal advice, is not to be acted on as such, and may not be current. Please contact your local legal counsel to learn more about the leave laws in your country.